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Everything in this world is relative, my dear Watson.
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미야모토 무사시 vs. 사사키 고지로 | あなたやっぱり 2009-07-31 18:51
http://blog.yes24.com/document/1513563복사Facebook 보내기 트위터 보내기

[도서]미야모도 무사시 6

길천영치 저
고려문화사(고려닷컴) | 1988년 07월

내용     편집/구성     구매하기

위 상품을 구매하면, 리뷰등록자에게 상품판매대금의 3%가 적립됩니다. (상품당 최대 적립금액 1,000원) 애드온 2 안내

드디어 6권에서 사사키 고지로와 후나지마 섬에서 미야모도 무사시는 결투를 하게 된다. 얼마나 기다렸는지..

 

그간 4권과 5권에 걸쳐 어린시절 친구인 마다하치의 약혼녀 오쓰우를 데리고 달아났다고 오해하는 마다하치의 어머니 오스기가 부단히도 그의 이름에 먹칠을 하고 다니고, 또 많은 이들의 시기 등으로 장군의 검술선생으로 등용되지 못하고 도를 닦으러 간 무사시 대신, 그의 제자였던 조다로, 이지키, 아케미, 오쓰우 등의 운명의 이야기가 나왔다.

 

1권부터 6권까지는 책소개와 책커버 뒤에 오쓰우의 순정적 지조에 대한 칭찬글이 들어있었다. 최고의 무사를 애모한다면, 적어도 자기몸을 지킬 정도의 무예는 배워야 하지않을까...하는 생각에도 부단히 납치와 곤혹을 치르면서도 오쓰우는 선한 마음을 버리지않는다. 마치 어려운 환경때문에 점점 더 나쁜 길로만 빠지는 아케미와는 달리, 오쓰우는 자신을 그리도 죽이려하는 오스기를 구하고 오해를 풀려는 노력을 멈추지않는다. 그전까지는 답답한 여주라고 생각했건만, 마음의 심지가 굳어 중도에서 대강의 삶을 택하지 않고, 자신이 원하는 무사시를 위해 온갖 역경과 모진길을 걷다니 대단한 여인이다.

 

여하간, 사사키 고지로는 스승으로부터 인정까지 받았지만 스스로 간류를 만들어 이의 시초라하고 등용까지 되어, 대저택과 제자 등을 배출하며 정상적인 검법훈련을 하고 있었건만, 당최 4, 5권에 이어 뭘 하였는지가 애매모호한 - 대체로 정신적인 도에 힘을 쓴 듯 싶다 - 무사시는, 드디어 속세로 모습들 드러내게 된다. 이때는 오사카와 에도를 중심으로 대립을 하는 상태였으나, 무사시는 고지로와의 재결이 이러한 반목의 상징이 됨을 경계한다.

 

그리하여 4월 13일 진시 (오전 8시~10시사이)에 작은 후나지마섬에서 대결을 하기로 하고, 모든 간섭자와 구경군을 배제한채 사사키 고지로가 섬의 정상에서 무사시가 나타나길 기다린다.

 

과연!!!!!!! (여기서 다 얘기하면 스포일러가 될 것이므로..)

 

 

그래도 사사키 고지로도 그렇고 무사시가 일부러 시간을 늦춰 등장하는 비겁한 수를 쓴다고 하는데 (시계가 없잖아...), 이치조지에선 술먹다가 몰래 나가서 대결에 나간 것이고 또 이번엔 배가 들어오기엔 물때가 아니라 배바닥을 생각하여...아니, 그렇게 구차했다기보단 주변에서 벼라별 인물들을 그동안 많이 봐서 판단한 결과, 사사키 고지로가 약속시간을 정하면 10분전이고 먼저 나와서 주변을 둘러보고 시계를 보고 기다리는 타입이라면, 무사시는 약간 시간개념이 없이 이때쯤이면 되겠군..하고 나가는 느긋한 타입은 아니었는지...

 

고지로가 칼집을 버리는 것을 보고, 무사시는 '당신은 이미 졌다. 이기려는 자가 어찌 칼집을 버리는가'라고 말했는데, 그 부분에서 먼저 이 둘의 차이가 보인다. 무사시는 부단히 몸과 검의 일치 등을 추구하였기에, 일종의 도구로 칼을 보는 고지로와 급이 달랐던 듯.

 

뭐, 공정한 시각으로 바라보려고 했는데 역시나 무사시쪽으로 기울어짐은 어쩔 수 없다. 사사키 고지로에게도 사랑하는 제자가 있어 가르침을 많이 주었겠지만 (그 또한 어머니없이 아주 엄격한 이모가 키웠다), 무사시는 이즈키나 조다로 등 제자들의 응석을 받아주며 뭐랄까 마음으로나 정신적으로 애정을 기울이는 모습이 좋았다고나 할까.

 

그리고 결국 7편 이후의 속편에서 어떤 연적이 나타날지 모르나 (대강 보니 연적의 나이는 17~18세, 이정도 되었으면 오쓰우나 무사시는 30대인데..), 오쓰우의 바람이 이뤄진 것은 일단 축하.

 

 

p.s : 여러 동영상중 다음이 개중 정확한 듯.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kj1iI68AQo8&feature=related

 

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[스크랩] 한국의 성인 남성이라면 반드시 읽어야 하는 책들 | 예스24 글 2009-07-30 17:53
http://blog.yes24.com/document/1511438복사Facebook 보내기 트위터 보내기
채널예스 > 김봉석의 만화이야기

7,80년대 한국의 성인 남성이라면 반드시 읽어야 하는 책들이 있었다. 우선 『삼국지』. 어릴 때에는 아동용으로 각색된 『삼국지』를 읽었고, 성인이 되어서는 완역본 『삼국지』를 읽었다. 조금 색다른 재미를 원한다면 고우영의 만화 『삼국지』도 끼워서 봤다. 고우영의 『삼국지』는 한∙중∙일 어떤 작가의 『삼국지』 해석에 못지않은 독창적이면서도 해학적인 작품이다. 『삼국지』를 반드시 읽어야 한다고 했던 이유는 『삼국지』가 동양 사상과 인물의 교과서 같은 책이라는 찬사를 받았기 때문이다. 단지 드라마틱한 역사적 순간을 보여주는 것을 뛰어넘어 인간학, 경영학의 교과서로서 가치가 있다고 생각했다.

반드시 보아야 하는 『삼국지』를 보고 감명을 받았다면 다음 순서는 『대망』이었다. 하지만 『대망』이 공식적으로 권해지는 책은 아니었다. 아마도 일본 책을 공개적으로 칭찬할 수 없었던 분위기 탓일 것이다. 주변에 『대망』을 읽은 어른들이 꽤 많았고 대부분 입에 침이 마르도록 찬사를 늘어놓았지만, 공식적으로 『대망』을 옹호하는 글을 본 적은 별로 없었다. 그럼에도 일본 전국시대의 영웅인 오다 노부나가, 도요토미 히데요시, 도쿠가와 이에야스의 패권 장악을 그린 『대망』에 관한 이야기는 수없이 떠돌았다. 80년대 후반부터는 차츰 자취를 감추었지만.

『대망』에 관한 이야기 중에서 가장 많이 들었던 것은 세 영웅의 성격을 말해주는 에피소드였다. “

 

새장 안의 새를 어떻게 울게 할 것인가?”

 

오다 노부나가는 울지 않는 새를 죽여버리고,

 

도요토미 히데요시는 어떻게든 달래고 꼬드겨서 울게 하고,

 

도쿠가와 이에야스는 울 때까지 기다린다.

 

그래서 오다 노부나가는 암살을 당하고, 도요토미 히데요시는 천하를 쥐었지만 대를 잇는 것은 실패한다.

 

결국 모든 것을 지켜보면서 기다렸던 도쿠가와가 천하를 제패하게 된다.

 

그 극적인 이야기를 들은 것만으로도 『대망』을 읽어보고 싶었다. 그들은 대체 어떤 인물이었을까.

『도쿠가와 이에야스』는 바로 『대망』을 만화로 각색한 작품이다. 소설도 이미 국내에는 『대망』『도쿠가와 이에야스』란 제목으로 각각 번역되어 있지만, 만화로 보는 『도쿠가와 이에야스』도 독특한 재미가 있다. 우선 만화를 그린 작가가 요코야마 미쯔테루다. 『철인 28호』와 『바벨 2세』로 국내에도 널리 알려진 요코야마 미쯔테루는 일찍이 역사물에도 관심을 보여 『삼국지』와 『수호지』는 물론 『항우와 유방』, 『석가모니』, 『칭기즈칸』 등 수많은 역사 만화를 발표했다. 어린 시절 『바벨 2세』를 본 적이 있다면 『도쿠가와 이에야스』의 그림체와 인물이 익숙하게 다가올 것이다.

사실 『대망』의 이야기를 충실하게 즐기고 싶다면 원작을 읽는 것이 낫다. 오리지널과 각색작품을 비교하자면 일반적으로 오리지널이 낫다. 영화보다는 원작소설이 낫고, 영화나 드라마를 각색한 소설이나 만화보다는 원작이 낫다. 아주 가끔 각색물이 원작과 전혀 다른 방향으로 질주하며 독특한 성취를 이루어내는 경우는 있지만.

『도쿠가와 이에야스』 역시 어떤 점에서는 원작보다 못하다. 5만 매에 이르는 방대한 원작소설을 완전히 만화로 옮긴다는 것은 불가능하다. 간략하게 뼈대가 되는 줄거리를 전달하면서 요코야마 미쯔테루의 관점으로 다듬어져야 한다. 원작에 비하면 턱없이 부족하고, 에피소드도 듬성듬성하다. 원작의 충실한 묘사와 치밀한 심리의 변화를 보고 싶다면, 만화판은 애초에 건드리지 않는 것이 낫다. 그러나 역자의 말처럼 간략하게 『대망』의 핵심을 맛보고 싶다면, 당시의 풍물을 글이 아니라 그림으로 직접 보고 싶다면 만화판 『도쿠가와 이에야스』는 꽤 훌륭하다. 그림과 연출 스타일이 워낙 오래되긴 했지만, 그래도 만화에 빠져들게 하는 힘이 있다.

『도쿠가와 이에야스』는 아직 도쿠가와 이에야스가 태어나기 전 시점에서 시작한다. 16세기, 일본의 정세는 그야말로 혼란기였다. 가장 거대한 세력을 가진 이마카와 요시모토가 교토에 올라가 정권을 장악할 기회를 노리고 있었고, 오다 노부히데, 다케다 신겐, 우에스기 켄신 등이 서로 견제하며 으르렁대고 있었다. 마쓰다이라 히로타다는 오카자키 성의 성주였지만, 그들 사이에서 살아남는 것만이 유일한 성공이라 할 수 있었다. 남자로서의 야망을 가지고 있으면서도, 단지 살아남기 위해 수많은 굴욕을 감수해야만 하는 것이 보통 사람이 전국시대에서 살아남는 방법이었다.

그런 마쓰다이라의 자식으로 태어난 도쿠가와 이에야스는 10살이 되기도 전에 인질로 보내져 오다 가문에서 2년, 이마카와 가문에서 3년을 보낸다. 도쿠가와는 기다리는 것에 익숙해질 수밖에 없었다. 아버지가 돌아가신 후에는 자신의 오카자키성마저 빼앗기고, 충직한 가신들을 이마카와 군의 선봉으로 내세워 개죽음을 시키면서도, 언젠가는 모든 것을 되찾기 위해 은인자중할 수밖에 없었던 것이다.

혜안과 카리스마 그리고 단호함으로 주변을 두려움에 떨게 했던 오다 노부나가나

 

 평민 출신으로 천재적인 두뇌를 가지고 있었던 도요토미 히데요시와 달리

 

도쿠가와에게는 인내신중함이 가장 큰 힘이 되었다.

 

『도쿠가와 이에야스』는 오로지 힘이 모든 것을 결정했던 전국시대에 단지 살아남는 것을 뛰어넘어 자신의 시대를 만들어갔던 인물들의 역사를 만나게 해 준다.

『대망』이 탁월한 작품이기는 하지만 그것이 모두 진실이라고 할 수는 없다. 아니, 역사란 것 자체가 언제나 현재적 해석이 될 수밖에 없다. 『대망』의 진정한 영웅은 도쿠가와 이에야스지만 일본의 국민작가이자 탁월한 역사소설가 시바 료타로는 도쿠가와 이에야스를 탐탁지 않게 생각했다. 시바 료타로의 『세키가하라 전투』에서 도쿠가와 이에야스는 오로지 실리만을 챙기는 교활하고 음흉한 노인으로 묘사된다. 가이온지 초고로의 『기습』『대망』의 도요토미 해석에 반대한다. 『도쿠가와 이에야스』누구나 쉽게 볼 수 있는 일본의 전국시대 역사이지만 결국 사실에 근거한 하나의 픽션인 것이다.

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ㄹㄹㄹ | Read 2009-07-30 17:39
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이작품소개에 따르면, 1권이나 4권이나 5권이나 똑같은 내용이 들어가 있는데...

 

'

청순하고 가련한 소녀 오쓰우는 약혼자인 마다하치를 외면하고 무사시와 숙명의 사랑에 빠진다. 사쿠슈 미아모도 마을의 시츠보사에서 밤하늘의 별과 거목 삼나무가 지켜 보는 가운데 떠나려는 오쓰우. 그러나 운명의 엇갈림은 되풀이되고 애절하게도 오쓰우와 무사시는 끝내 사랑을 이루지 못한다. 이 장면에서 요시카와 에이지가 창조해낸 오쓰우라는 히로인은 오늘날까지 일본 여성의 가장 이상적인 모습으로 남게 된다....

 

만, 참으로 이 고전적 히로인에 대해 불만이 많은것이, 왜!!왜!! 자기몸은 스스로 못지키는 것인가.

 

무사시나 다른 이들이 그녀를 높이 평가하는 것이 몸이나 마음의 지조를 지키는 것이고 이를 지키지 못할 바에는 목숨을 끊을 강인한 의지가 있기 때문이기는 한데, 당최 그녀는 혼자서는 맨날 납치나 당하고..쯧.

 

 

여하간, 이 4권에서는 무사시의 전법이나 칼쓰는법 등에 대해서 다른 권보다는 더 묘사가 되어있기는 해도 (3권은 정말 재미있었다. 열심히 읽는 내가 '정말 재미있다'고 말하자 그는 '그건 역사소설로도 그리 재미있는 편은 아닌데'라며, 한 인물에 대해서 나오는 것보다는 여러인물이 나오는 [야망 패자]를 권유했다. 그건 3부까지 있던데...ㅡ.ㅡ), 다시 무사시의 도닦는 이야기가 나온다.

 

''사람을 밴다. 사람에게 이긴가. 악착같이 강하다는 말을 들어서 무엇하나. 단순히 검술자체가 다른이보다 강하다는 것은 쓸쓸하기만 할 뿌이다. 진실로 검이 도라면 도심을 가지고 사람을 살릴 수도 있을 것이다....'

 

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미야모도 무사시 3 | あなたやっぱり 2009-07-30 17:28
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[도서]미야모도 무사시 3

길천영치 저
고려문화사(고려닷컴) | 1989년 12월

내용     편집/구성     구매하기

위 상품을 구매하면, 리뷰등록자에게 상품판매대금의 3%가 적립됩니다. (상품당 최대 적립금액 1,000원) 애드온 2 안내

일권에서 이권으로, 또 삼권으로 재미와 사건은 점점 더 커지고 있다. 세키카하라전투에서 패한 다케조와 마다이치는 죽은이들의 물건을 훔쳐파는 오고와 아케미를 알게되고, 이들은 다케조를 남겨두고 도망을 갔었는데 술파는 양모 밑에서 아케미는 요시오카 도장의 2대 세이주로의 집착적 짝사랑을 받게된다. 게다가 불길하게도 무마시의 최대적수로 등장할 사사키 고지로에게도 괴롭힘을 받는등, 앞날에 이들을 연결할 실마리를 가지게되었다.

 

..세이주로는 이렇게 나를 망쳐놓았다. 하지만 그는 악인은 아니다. 악인이라 할만큼 뱃속이 검은 인간은 아니다. 거기에 비하면 고지로는 참으로 악인이다. 세상 사람들이 흔히 말하는 악인형은 아니지만 인간의 행복을 기뻐하지 않고 인간의 화와 고통을 방관하며 그것을 자신의 쾌락으로 즐기는 변태적인 인간이다. 그런자는 도적질을 한다든가 횡령을 하는 형의 악인보다 더 한층 질이 나쁜 방심할 수 없는 악인이 아닐까...p.34

 

이는 일찌기 아가사 크리스티의 포아로도 파악을 했던 바이다. 스스로의 손을 더럽히지않고, 남들의 마음속에 어지러움과 욕망, 화를 불러일으켜 오해를 만든 사람.

 

글쎄, 미야모도 무사시의 최대의 적이기에 이런 극단적인간형이 되었는지는 모르겠으나 (이건 픽션이니까), 확실히 무사시와는 다른 면이, 아니 반대성향이 크고 이것이 더 강조되는 듯하다.

 

...고지로라는 인물은..귀재...검을 쓰는 질이 달랐다. 그것을 한마디로 표현한다면 끈기였다...이 시대의 검법은 하나의 병법으로서 그 수간을 가리지않았기 때문에 어떤 식으로 끈기를 나타내더라도 그것을 추잡하다고 말하는 사람은 아무도 없었다.....집요성..p.86

 

(주요한 점은, 이들의 대결은 마치 서양에서의 대결과는 다르다. 입회인을 놓고 정해진 시간에 서로 얼마만큼의 거리를 놓고 총을 가지거나 칼싸움을 하는 것과는 다르다.

 

내 생각으로는... 마치 장소라는 큰 원이 있다고 치자. 그 안에 점 둘이 있다. A와 B. 서양의 대결은 이 A와 B를 연결하는 직선상의 관계에서의 기술의 대결이다. 하지만, 무사시가 하는 이 시대의 대결은 그 큰 원부터 고려대상으로 포함된다. 그리고 스스로의 몸 또한 이기고 다스려야 한다)

 

 

그는 여기서 칼을 다루는 대상인 홍아미 고에쓰 (본병은 지로사부로)와 인연을 맺게되고, 그를 통해 회화, 도예, 조각 등과 인생을 바라보는 자세를 배우게 된다.

 

 

..도, 예, 신수, 그 어떤 것이라도 통달하면 결국국 그 경지는 마찬가지라고 볼 수 있다...

 

차에는 안다 모른다는 법도가 중요한게 아니라네. 그것을 안다는게 마치 지혜로운 것같지만 실은 약삭바른 것일뿐 그런 것은 없다네. 모르면 모르는대로 마시면 되는거지...예법이 다도는 아닐세. 예법이란 결국 마음가짐이지..

 

마음에 있어 부담없이 홀가분한 상태가 아니면 모처럼의 차맛도 손상되는 법이라네. 검에 비유한다면 몸만 굳어지고 마음과 칼은 하나로 통하지 못했다 할 수 있을까...p.52~53

 

여하간 맨처음에 요시오카도장에 가서 대결을 청했던지라, 세이주로와 무사시는 대결을 하게되고 결국 세이주로는 한팔을 잃게된다. 패배하여서도 말들이 많은지라..이러저러한 상황을 거쳐 (직접 읽어보시길 ^.~) 또 하나 유명한 이치조지의 대결이 펼쳐진다.

 

흠, 하반부에 이 대결이 시작되는데, 생각과 달리 읽으면서 느낀 점은 일반 무협지 등과 달리 칼을 어떻게 잡고 어떻게 휘두르는지가 전혀, 거의 포함되어있지 않다 (그래서 물어봤더니 그가 하는 말이, 무사시에게는 그런 검술보다는 검의 도, 철학이 더 중요했기 때문이라는데...). 그러나, 그 아쉬움을 달래주는 것이 이치조의 대결.

(youtube에 Miyamoto Musashi와 Ichijoji로 검색어를 넣으면 대결은 볼 수 있다만, 우리나라에서라면 방송불가의 피바다이다. 쯥, 칼놀리는 멋진 장면은 볼 수 없다) 

 

드디어, 무사시가 자신도 모르게 두개의 칼을 잡게된다. 적의 후방을 쳐서 가장 위협적인 활과 철퇴를 처리한 뒤에, 자신의 등에 소나무를 놓고서 앞의 적을 치되 정면으로 대적하는 것이 아닌, 변칙적인 방법의 검도를 사용하여, 60여명을 처치한다 (이 얘기를 먼저 듣고, 에~~ 그중 몇명은 기절했겠지..했는데..한두명은 기절한 것으로 짐작되나, 일단 내용에 따르면 무사시가 다 처리했다고 한다. 사실 지금 무사시에게 조금 호감을 느끼는 입장이지만, 100% 다 믿기엔.....).

 

여하간, 이 장면은 무지 재미만땅이다.

 

 

(4권과 5권에서도 여전히 도닦는 무사시 ㅡ.ㅡ)

 

 

p.s: 도쿠가와 이에야스에게 임명을 받고는 가츠시케는 곧 복명하지 않고 이렇게 대답했다.

 

'집에 가서 일단 아내와 상의하여 대답드리겠습니다.'

 

집에 돌아와 가츠시게는 아내를 불러놓고 임명받았음을 알리고는 이어서 아내에게 다짐을 받았다.

 

'옛날부터 고관의 지위에 오르는 영광 뒤에는 잘못하여 도리어 몸을 다치고 집안을 망하게 한 자가 많다. 그 이유를 생각하니 모둔 문벌과 내실의 지나친 간섭과 횡포에서 생겨난 것이다. 따라서 누구보다도 먼저 그대와 상의하노니 그대는 내가 시장으로 부임하여도 정사에는 일체 관여하지 않겠다고 맹세할 수 있겠느냐? 그려면 임명에 복종하겠노라'

 

아내는 굳건히 약속했다.

 

다음날 침성에 들어가려고 가츠시게가 옷을 입는데 아랫바지가 꺾여있었다. 아내가 그걸보고 바로잡아 주려하자 그는 아내를 꾸짖었다.

 

'그대는 벌써 약속을 잊었단 말인가'

 

이런 각오로 취임한 가츠시게 인지라 그의 태도는 공명정대하고 준엄하였다. 무서운 관리를 상관으로 둔 것이 싫은 일같았지만 오히려 그후 교토의 시민들은 그를 아버지같이 따르며 집안에 가장이 있는 것처럼 안심했다.

 

p.304~305

 

 

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ㄹㄹ | Read 2009-07-29 17:56
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이건 한때 참으로 좋아했으며, 지금도 좋아하고있는 (바트, 자꾸만 일정 패턴이 반복됨은 다소 애정을 감소시킨다) 제프리 디버가 일찌기 더운 여름을 생각하여 20개의 스릴러를 모은 작품선 (음, 알프레드 히치콕과 연결된다. 사람의 체온에 육박하는 더위는 사람을 미치게 만들어 범죄를 일으킨다는 작품을 내놓은바 있다)인데, 은근쏠쏠 반전의 재미가 있다.

 

그리하여, 역시나 여름에는 간단히 읽고 넘어가는 단편이 어울린다고 생각했다...만, 최근엔 밤마다 [미야모도 무사시]를 읽는 재미에 빠져있다.

 

요거요거 은근히 지루할만하면 재미있어 진단말이지.

 

그러다가 눈에 번쩍 들어온 것이!!

 

 

153,600원(40% 할인)
 
젠장, 사고싶지만..32권 ㅜ,ㅜ
도쿠가와 이에야스가 그랬다나? 토요토미 히데요시가 조선징벌에 나서는 것이 천하에서 가장 득이 적은 결정이라고! (감히, 쯥!) 근데 그닥 그에 대한 일본인들의 평가는 도요토미 히데요시보다는 좀 낮은 듯(한 게 여러번 현재 읽고있는 소설내에서 발견된다).
 
 
 
 
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1분동안, 멘솔의 깔끔한 두피관리 | Gift 2009-07-28 19:47
http://blog.yes24.com/document/1507628복사Facebook 보내기 트위터 보내기

[화장품][한정] 헤드&숄더 헤어 폴 클리닉 두피마사지 185g

헤어케어
피엔지 | 2008년 10월

품질     디자인/구성     구매하기

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헤드 앤 숄더 샴푸를 써보기는 했기만, 그닥 다른 제품과 차별점을 느끼지 못했다.  드라이사용이 잦을 수 밖에 없는 장마철이고, 게다가 운동을 하고 난 뒤에 두피가 시원했으면 하는 바람에서 샀는데, 무척 마음에 든다.

 

우선, 다른 제품은 샴푸건 트리트먼트건 3분을 요구하는데 이건 1분이다. 목욕을 하면서 3분은 가능하지만, 샤워를 하면서 3분은...어렵다. 샴푸로 머리결의 먼지를 씻어내고, 이를 두피에 바르면 멘솔성분이 있어 (스포츠용이나 여름용으로 멘솔샴푸가 나오는데, 대체로 남성을 겨냥하는 터라 너무 시원해 오히려 두피에 자극이 가지않을가 걱정했다. 이건 약간 시원한 정도인지라 괜찮다) 약간 시원한 느낌을 준다. 그동안 샤워를 하고 두피를 문지르다가 헹구는데, 두피 뿐만 아니라 헤어에도 영양을 주는 듯 한통을 거의 다 사용한 지금 보다 머리결이 건강해졌다는 (많이 말고 조금..그러나 차이는 나는 듯하다. 물론, 이걸 쓰면서 드라이 사용에 보다 주의를 했다는 변수도 있지만) 느낌이 든다.

 

비슷한 용도로 산 00 헤어팩은, 어째 트리트먼트랑 케이스만 다를뿐 (사용설명서에도 같이 번갈아 쓰란다) 비슷하고 또 두피에 닿지않게 해야하고 씻어내면서 몸에 닿으면 유분감이 느껴졌는데 (이제는 유분이 아닌 수분을 느끼고 싶다 ㅡ.ㅡ), 이건 다시 구매를 해야겠다는 생각이 들 정도이다.

 

올해초에 두피를 병원에서 정밀카메라로 보면서 느낀 점은, 두피관리가 헤어관리의 시작이라는 것. 깨끗하게 (그렇다고 넘 깨끗해서 유분과 수분을 없애지않고) 혈액순환과 수분관리를 잘하자는 것.  

 

 

--------------

 

다음은 여기서(http://www.headandshoulders.co.kr/)찾아낸 간편두피마사지방법

 

1. 샴푸후 포도알송이만큼 4~5개를 바른다.

2. 가운데 가름마를 중심으로 손가락 네개로 꾹꾹눌러 마사지 2~3회

3. 손가락으로 두피를 마사지, 주변부->중심부->후두부 6회

4. 머리카락 사이로 빗질하듯 10회 위에서 아래로

5. 엄지손가락을 관자놀이에 대고 누르고 나머지 손가락은 그외 머리부분 지압

6. 손가락끝으로 머리를 감싸며 톡톡

7. 머리카락을 잡고 위로 잡아당기다가 아래로 부드럽게

 

이거전에 귀가 어꺠에 땋는듯한 느낌으로 30초간 목 스트레칭, 팔을 뻗는 어꺠 스트래칭, 그리고 귀를 자극시키는 마사지를 하면 효과가 더 높아진다고 한다.

 

 

 

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미야모도 무사시 2 | あなたやっぱり 2009-07-28 19:11
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[도서]미야모도 무사시 2

길천영치 저
고려문화사(고려닷컴) | 1989년 12월

내용     편집/구성     구매하기

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가만히 보니 이 소설은 오륜서처럼 땅, 물, 불, 바람, 공의 장으로 나눠있다.

 

맨처음 땅의 장에서는, 어떤 원칙이나 배움, 생각없이 그저 자신의 힘만을 믿고 날뛰는 (얼마나 사람들이 죽어나가는지, 김전일 만화 못지않다. 참, 문화의 차이가 느껴지는지 모르겠는데, 결투라고 해도 누군가의 생명을 끊는 일에 이리 관대할...) 다케조를 잡아 다쿠앙스님이 하나의 길을 열어준다.

 

물의 장에서는, 미야모도 무사시란 이름, 즉 근본을 선물받고 길을 떠나 배움과 결투를 통해서 칼을 휘두르는 법을 익힌다. 이 과정에서 그가 다른 낭인, 무사들과 다른 점은, 한곳에서 녹을 받고 정착하는 것도 아니고 칼을 잘 휘두르는 달인이나 대가가 아닌, 철학적으로도 자신을 압도하는 인물을 찾아 배우려는 것, 그럼에도 불구하고 아직 인간이 덜된지라 자신을 제압하는 이를 다시 제압하고자하는 욕구를 가진다. 

 

또한, 나중에 오륜서 등을 쓰는 기본이 되는 관찰, 즉 목공이나 도공들이 값싸고 하찮은 물건일지언정 최선을 다하는 것을 보고서 깨달음을 얻고, 예술에 대한 관심을 하나씩 늘려가고 있다.

 

2권에선, 그가 맞서싸운 대결 (duel) 중 가장 유명한, 사사키 고지로와의 인연을 보여준다. 또한, 검을 든 손은 한손이지만 사람은 두 손을 가졌으니, 이 두손을 다 활용하는 것에 관심을 처음 가지게 된다. 이제 무사시가 세운 이도류 (닌텐 이치류,二天一流: 무사시는 이를 'two heavens as one' 또는 'two swords as one'으로 의미한다)의 처음이다. 또한, 칼외에도 바늘을 입으로 뱉거나 낫을 활용하는 등 검의 승부외에도 다양한 기술에 관심을 두게 된다.  

 

외모가 수려한 것으로도 유명했던 미남자 사사키 고지로는 등에 대각선으로 두르기에도 큰 칼을 휘둘르지만 성격이 다혈질적인 것으로 묘사되는바, 역시나 이는 간류섬의 대결에서 패인이 되었다. 이와달리, 무사시는...

 

..인생으로 출발하는 첫걸음부터 이세상에는 상수가 얼마든지 있군 하는 실례를 똑똑히 보여준 다쿠앙의 교훈이 있었고, 또 보장원이나 고야규 성을 다녀보며 얻어진 것이다. 기개와 자존심을 가지고 우선 상대방을 삼켜버리려고 하기전에 무사시는 세심한 눈으로 모든 각도에서 상대방의 가치를 헤아려 보았다. 떄로는 소심하고 비굴해보일 정도로 상대방을 대할 때 가장 낮은 자세를 취하였다.

 

'이사람은 이정도로구나'

 

정확하게 판단해본 후가 아니면 여간해서 상대방의 말이나 태도가 불손하다고하여 자신의 감정을 내보이는 것 같은 행동은 하지않았다.p.273 

 

 

..그는 어릴때 아버지 무니사이로부터 이런 말을 들었다. '내 눈동자는 검은데 너의 눈동자는 갈색이다. 증조부님 히라다 쇼우겐님의 눈이 다갈색이어서 매서웠다고 전해지는데 너는 아무래도 그 증조부님을 닮은 모양이다.' 아침 태양을 사면으로 받고있기 때문에 무사시의 눈동자는 맑고 날카로웠다...p.388

 

역사소설로서도 꽤 재미있는데, 일본을 통일한 걸출한 인물들에 대한 한국의 평가가 일본내평가가 참 다르다는 것 (당근이지, 걔네야 영웅이지만 가만히 잘사는 우리나라를 침범한 왜적 우두머리인걸? 그것말고도), 정치 행정적, 문화적으로도 평가가 다르다.

 

...은퇴한 장군, 오고쇼라 불리는 이에야스가 이곳에 체재하고 있기때문만은 아니다. 축성공사는 도쿠가와의 전추정책의 일환이었다. 후다이 다이묘의 마음을 이완시키지 않게 하기 위해서였다. 또 도자마 다이묘의 힘의 축적을 결정적으로 거기에다 소모시켜 버리기 위해서였다. 또 하나의 이유는 일반백성들에게 도쿠가와 정책에 대해 입을 모아 칭찬하게끔 하기 위해서 각지에 토목공사를 착수하여 하층민에게 돈을 흘려보내기 위해서였다...p.73

 

참, 인프라관련 목공사에 이렇게 심오한 계략이 숨어있었다니!! 역사소설을 읽는 재미에 쏙쏙 빠지고 있다.

 

일편에 이어 아직은 미숙한 무사시. 당최 왜 대단한지를 참 회의적 시각으로 읽고있었는데, 읽으면서 보니 이 무사시는 자신의 주변의 움직임, 기, 사물 등에 대해 예민하게 관찰을 하고 주의를 하고, 자만하지않고, 끊임없이 지겨울정도로 반성을 하고 고민을 하는 탓에..참, 뭐가 되어도 될 것 같은 아우라를 마구 풍겨주고 있다

 

 

게다가, 오쓰우와 아케미. 무사시를 연모하는 이 상반된 매력의 여인네들이 얽혀서 뭐랄까 일일사극드라마를 보는 듯 ^^

 

 

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이 리뷰를 | 추천 1        
손수건과 장화 | one moment of my life 2009-07-28 13:25
http://blog.yes24.com/document/1506977복사Facebook 보내기 트위터 보내기

1

 

잡지의 스타들 인터뷰에서 빠지지않는 것중에, 과연 백안에 뭔가 들었을까 하는 것이다. 핸드폰과 화장품 파우치, 그리고 MP3 정도는 빠지지 않는다. 뭐, 그네들이야 뭐가 부족해도 주변의 스타일리스트나 로드매니저에게 사다달라고 하면 되니까.

 

가끔은 휴지가 없거나 아니면 빨리 손을 말리고 나가야 하는데 건조기가 한대 뿐이라, 게다가 너무 더워 땀이 나는터라 작은 티슈를 가지고 다니다가, 문득 서랍에서 손수건을 꺼냈다. 예전에 아주 오래전에 선물받은 샤방한 손수건인데, 가지고 다니다가 쓰니 너무너무 유용한 것이었다. 물기를 닦고 땀을 닦고 다시 빨아서 손목에 살짝 묶어놓으면 마르고, 또 땀이 찬 부분을 물수건을 닦으면 너무 개운한 것이었다. 그리하여 난 요즘 손수건에 버닝하고 있다.

 

지난번 일본소설에서도 보았는데, 핸드타올보다는 손수건이 훨씬 낫다.

 

그러다가 궁금하여 주변의 남자들에게 물어봤더니, 아무도 손수건을 가지고 다니지 않는다 (이 질문은 여자들에겐 생략했다. 아무도 가지고 다니지 않는다. 요즘은 게다가 남자들은 지갑대신 머니클립을 가지고 다니는게 유행인가보다. 그거야 달러같이 좀 작은 지폐에나 해당되는 것이지 않나..했건만) 어디서 봤더라, 잡지였는지 영화내용을 보여주는 잡지였던지 간에 근사한 양복의 한 남자가 땀이 난 얼굴을 곱게 다린 손수건을 꺼내 닦는다. 그게 너무 멋지게 보이는 것이었다.

(양복 주머니에 꽂는 모양별 접는 방법: http://www.samhober.com/howtofoldpocketsquares/pocketsquarefolds.htm)

 

 

2

 

재작년부터 장마철에 장화를 신었다. 우선 온라인팬시용품점에서 주문하여 신은 물방울 무늬는, 회사근처 분식점 아줌마가 무척 귀여워했다. 정말로 몇십년만에 처음보는 거라고 한다. 근데 바닥이 미끄러지는 단점을 빼곤 장화는 정말 너무너무 편하다. 물이 고인 곳도 비가 아무리 많이 내려도 (발목까지 오는 장화도 나오던데, 그건 좀 아닌 듯) 끄덕없다. 작년말에 올여름을 겨냥하여 산, 장화 및 부츠 전문업체의 제품은 굽까지있어 오히려 더 편하고 잘벗겨지는터라 올해 유행인 점프슈트의 짧은 바지에 입으면 오히려 더 잘 어울린다.

 

 

 

요즘 다 점점 줄어드는 판에 (심지어 만원짜리 5장이 아니라 오만원짜리 한장으로), 난 더 살림을 늘리는 듯 싶다만 제 기능을 다함에도 점점 사라지는 요런 물건들이 여러가지 기능을 한꺼번에 한다는 물건들보다 훨씬 더 기능적이고 정감이 있다.

 

 

 

 

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미야모도 무사시 1 | あなたやっぱり 2009-07-27 14:03
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[도서]미야모도 무사시 1

길천영치 저
고려문화사(고려닷컴) | 1983년 08월

내용     편집/구성     구매하기

위 상품을 구매하면, 리뷰등록자에게 상품판매대금의 3%가 적립됩니다. (상품당 최대 적립금액 1,000원) 애드온 2 안내

전투에서는 보병, 기병, 창, 활, 도끼, 칼 등을 지형을 이용하여 적군에 대응하여 배치, 전투에 나간다. 그게 언제부터였더라, 헐리우드 영화에서 두개의 칼을 가지고 남주가 뛰어다니기 시작한 것이? 두개의 칼, 하나는 길고 하나는 짧은 칼을 이용하는 검법을 만든 것은 미야모도 무사시(宮本 武藏)이다. 그는 검성(sword saint)라고 불리운다 (그의 이전엔 요시츠네라고 12세기 유명한 무사가 있다).

 

일본에서 살면 얼마나 유명한지 모르고서야 지나칠 수 없다고 하지만 - 특히, 그의 수많은 대결 중에서 사사키 고지로와의 간류섬의 대결은 엄청나게 유명한지라, 일본소설을 읽다가 몇번이나 언급된 것을 마주쳤는지 모른다(youtube에서 검색을 해보면, http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=miyamoto+musashi 에서도 볼 수 있듯이 도대체 작품이 얼마나 많은지 모른다. 게다가, 참 나원. 돈도 많으니까 2003년 드라마 주제곡을 엔니오 모리코네에게 부탁하여 받기도 하고..).

 

언젠가 중고책서점을 모아놓은 부산의 한거리에 대한 다큐멘터리를 보다가, 두명의 튼실한 청년이 그의 [오륜서(A Book of Five Rings)]를 찾고서 무척 기뻐하며 돌아가는 장면이 있었는데, 거의 [손자병법]에 버금갈 정도로 검술에 지나치지않고 인생에 대한 자세에도 깊은 영향을 미칠 수 있는 작품이라한다 (그의 설명에 의하면...).

 

미야모도 무사시는, 이 책의 일권에서 친구 어머니의 호의에 목욕을 하다가 병사들에게 포위되는 에피소드 이후로 (물론 이 에피소드는 픽션이다), 무기를 손에서 놓게되므로 목욕을 하지 않게되었다고 (목욕을 안한다는 것은 사실이다 ㅡ.ㅡ) 하는데, 그만큼 검에 대한 노력과 기술 외에도 글씨와 그림에도 뛰어난 (흠, 그림은 어째 약간 가늘고 섬세하더만) 예술인이기도 했다.

 

일권에는 땅의 장과 물의 장이 나온다. 땅의 장에서는

 

..검술만을 해서는 참다운 검도를 알 수 없다. 큰 것에서 작은 것을 알며 얕은 곳에서 깊은 곳으로 이르게 된다. 대지에 곧게 난 길을 뚫을 수 있는 도를 배워라

 

.., 물의 장에서는 ..

 

물은 머물러 있지않으며 ..그릇에 따라 모양을 바꾸며 한방울의 물이 되기도 하며 혹은 넓은 바다가 되기도 한다...등의 이야기로 장의 처음을 장식하는데, 이처럼 미야모도 무사시란 이름을 받기전까지 다케조일때의 이야기와 이름을 받고나서의 이야기가 나온다.

 

맨처음 해설에 나오는 전주일미국대사의 해설은 매우 수준이 높다. 미국작가, 제임스 클라벨이 쓴 작품에서는, 서양식의 로맨스와 사상을 끼웠지만, 이 작품 요시카와 에이지 (길천영치라고 맨날 해봐야 일본식으로 읽어야지!!)가 쓴 작품은 보다 서민적 레벨의 일본인들의 사상이나 일상이 더 돋보인다고 추천하고 있다.

 

..경제동물이라 불리는 현대 일본인들의 모습과는 반대로, 많은 일본인들은 그들 자신을 지독한 개인주의자이며 도덕이 높고 자기 훈련이 된 그리고 미학적으로 감각이 뛰어난 현대의 무사시로 보이고 싶어한다. 외관상의 부드러움과 한결같은 외관 뒤에 숨은 일본인들의 정신적 복합성을 설명할 때 그들은 이먀모도 무사시를 떠올린다.

 

..영어로 번역되는 일본 현대문학의 대부분처럼 심리적이거나 신경증적인 소설과는 거리가 멀다...일본 전래의 이야기나 일본 대중의 생각으로 가득 차 있다. 삽화를 보는 듯한 묘사적 표현은 단순히 신문연재물이었던 때문만 아니라 원래 일본인들이 좋아하는 쓰기 형식 때문이기도 하다. 훌륭한 검객에 대한 낭만적 조망은 다른 많은 소설과 사무라이 영화에서도 흔히 나타나는 상투적 수법이다. 거기서 강조하는 자기제어와 엄격한 자기훈련을 통한 인간 내면의 힘을 수련하는 것....자연에 대한 충만한 사랑과 친근감....재미있는 모험감...일본의 역사...현대 일보인들의 이상적인 자화상이 무엇인지도 알게 해준다...Edwin O. Reischauer

 

 (흠, 배울 것은 배우되 일본의 국수주의적 관점에 심하게 동화되지 말것!)

 

이노우에 다케히코의 드마마틱한 [배가본드]와는 조금 다르게, 1930년대 아사히신문에 연재된 이작품은 약간은 지루하기도 하다가 갑자기 재미있는 식으로 (딱, 신문연재 스타일이야) 진행된다.

 

배가본드 1 

 

배경은, 17세기초 도쿠가와 이에야스가 도요토미 히데요시의 아들을 무찌르고 이긴 세키가하라전투에서 시작한다. 검술로 유명한 집안의 자제이기는 했으나 전투에서 아무런 일도 하지 못한 한을 안고 다케조는 친구과 도망을 친다. 도요토미 히데요시는 아직 오사카공성에 살아있지만, 도쿠가와 이에야스의 시대로 잠시 평화로운 기운이 감돈다. 당근, 전쟁이 없어 일자리를 잃은 무사들은 도장을 열거나 - 제2의 인물 등장하는데, 이를 픽션의 인물들이 두 실제 인물들 사이를 연결해준다 - 무술에 도를 가미한 검도의 길을 연다. 물론, 시대를 참조하면 세키가하라전투에서 이미 화약을 이용한 총이 사용되기도 했다만, 이들을 이에 대해서 큰 인상을 받지못했다고 한다. '검'과 '철학'이 바로 이 소설의 부제이기도 하다.

 

세키가하라 전투 1 

 

여하간, 1권의 이야기가 시작하면 아무런 것도 배우지못하고 힘과 재능은 천하장사격인 다케조가 전투에 지고 돌아와 위험에 빠지면서 다쿠앙스님을 만나 미야모도 무사시로 태어나고 방랑무사가 되는 이야기를 담고있다.

 

 

 

p.s:지난번 일본을 갔을때에는 한문을 일본식으로 읽지못해 정말 좋은 것들을 놓쳤다는 생각이 들었는데, 일본식 독음과 한문이 같이 있는 소설을 읽으니 공부같이 않게 익히게 되어 좋다.

 

 

 

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Miyamoto Musashi | Read 2009-07-26 18:02
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Musashi (宮本武蔵 Miyamoto Musashi?) is a Japanese novel written by Eiji Yoshikawa and serialized in 1935 in Asahi Shimbun.

 

Musashi  
US edition cover

 

Introduction

It is a fictionalized account of the life of Miyamoto Musashi, author of The Book of Five Rings and perhaps the most renowned Japanese swordsman who ever lived.

The novel has been translated into English by Charles S. Terry, with a foreword by Edwin O. Reischauer. Published by Kodansha International ISBN 4-7700-1957-2.

The long epic (over 900 pages in the English version) comprises seven "books" detailing the exploits of Miyamoto Musashi, beginning just after the battle of Sekigahara, following his journeys and the many people who become important in his life, and leading up to his climactic duel with Sasaki Kojiro on Ganryujima (Ganryu or Funa Island). Musashi becomes famous during the course of the novel as he searches for both perfection in swordsmanship and in consciousness. Innovating Japanese swordsmanship, he invents the style of simultaneously wielding both the katana and the wakizashi, something unheard of at that time in Japanese history.

[edit] Table of contents

[edit] Book 1 - Earth

  • The Little Bell
  • The Comb
  • The Flower Festival
  • The Dowager's Wrath
  • The Art of War
  • The Old Cryptomeria Tree
  • The Rock and the Tree
  • The Birth of Musashi

[edit] Book 2 - Water

  • The Yoshioka School
  • The Wheel of Fortune
  • Encounter and Retreat
  • The Water Sprite
  • A Spring Breeze
  • The Hōzōin
  • Hannya Plain
  • The Koyagyū Fief
  • The Peony
  • Jōtarō's Revenge
  • The Nightingales

[edit] Book 3 - Fire

  • Sasaki Kojirō
  • Reunion in Osaka
  • The Handsome Young Man
  • The Seashell of Forgetfulness
  • A Hero's Passing
  • The Drying Pole
  • Eagle Mountain
  • The Mayfly in Winter
  • The Pinwheel
  • The Flying Horse
  • The Butterfly in Winter
  • The Announcement
  • The Great Bridge at Gojō Avenue

[edit] Book 4 - Wind

  • The Withered Field
  • A Man of Parts
  • Too Many Kojirōs
  • The Younger Brother
  • A Mother's Love
  • The Urbane Craftsman
  • Reverberations in the Snow
  • The Elegant People
  • The Broken Lute
  • A Sickness of the Heart
  • The Scent of Aloeswood
  • The Gate
  • A Toast to the Morrow
  • The Death Trap
  • A Meeting in the Moonlight
  • Stray Geese
  • The Spreading Pine
  • An Offering for the Dead
  • A Drink of Milk
  • Entwining Branches
  • The Male and Female Waterfalls

[edit] Book 5 - Sky

  • The Abduction
  • The Warrior of Kiso
  • Poisonous Fangs
  • A Maternal Warning
  • A One-Night Love Affair
  • A Gift of Money
  • A Cleansing Fire
  • Playing with Fire
  • A Cricket in the Grass
  • The Pioneers
  • Slaughter by the Riverside
  • Shavings
  • The Owl
  • A Plate of Loaches
  • Like Teacher, Like Pupil
  • Mountain Devils
  • First Planting
  • The Flies
  • The Soul Polisher
  • The Fox
  • An Urgent Letter
  • Filial Piety
  • Spring Shower in Red
  • A Block of Wood
  • The Deserted Prophet
  • The Talk of the Town

[edit] Book 6 - Sun And Moon

  • A Chat with the Men
  • Buzzing Insects
  • The Eagle
  • Green Persimmons
  • Eyes
  • Four Sages with a Single Light
  • The Locust Tree
  • Tadaaki's Madness
  • The Poignancy of Things
  • Two Drumsticks
  • The Demon's Attendant
  • Brother Disciples
  • The Pomegranate
  • Land of Dreams
  • The Challenge
  • The Gateway to Glory
  • The Sound of Heaven

[edit] Book 7 - The Perfect Light

  • The Runaway Ox
  • Hemp Seed
  • Sweepers and Salesmen
  • A Pear Blossom
  • The Port
  • The Writing Teacher
  • The Circle
  • Shikama Blue
  • The Mercy of Kannon
  • The Tides of Life
  • The Evening Boat
  • A Falcon and a Woman
  • Before the Thirteenth Day
  • At Daybreak
  • The Marriage
  • The Soul of the Deep

 

 

 

Vagabond (バガボンド Bagabondo?) is an ongoing manga by Takehiko Inoue, portraying a fictionalized account of Miyamoto Musashi's life, on a loose adaptation of Eiji Yoshikawa's novel Musashi.

The manga has been serialized in Kodansha's seinen Weekly Morning magazine since 1998 in Japan, with translations to English by VIZ Media. As of May 28, 2009, 30 tankōbon volumes have been published in Japan, with 29 of them translated for the United States. Vagabond has, to this date, sold more than 22 million copies throughout the world.

 

 


 

 

Summary

Growing up in 17th century Sengoku era Japan, Shinmen Takezo is shunned by the local villagers as a devil child due to his wild and violent nature. Running away from home with a fellow boy at age 17, Takezo joins the Toyotomi army to fight the Tokugawa clan at the battle of Sekigahara. However, the Tokugawa win a crushing victory, leading to nearly three hundred years of Shogunate rule. Takezo and his friend manage to survive the battle, and afterwards swear to do great things with their lives. But after their paths separate, Takezo becomes a wanted criminal, and must change his name and his nature in order to escape an ignoble death. Based on the book "Musashi" by Eiji Yoshikawa, Vagabond is a fictional retelling of the life of Miyamoto Mushashi, often referred to as the "Sword Saint" - perhaps the most famous and successful of Japan's sword fighters.

[edit] Characters

[edit] Main characters

(pertaining to and accounts as depicted in the manga; some may be dramatized interpretations of their lives so do not consider them as official historical biographies unless otherwise indicated)

  • Miyamoto Musashi: The main character.
  • Sasaki Kojirō: The legendary archrival of Miyamoto Musashi. Kojiro is believed to have studied the Chūjo-ryū style of swordsmanship under the instruction of either Toda Seigen or Kanemaki Jisai. Kojirō was renowned for his Tsubame-Gaeshi, or “Swallow Cut” technique, inspired by the movement of a swallow in flight. In an interesting difference from Yoshikawa's Musashi, Kojirō is deaf and mute, though still literate. His personality is very playful, almost child-like. Ittousai has also commented the possibility that Kojirou's eyes have become better developed to compensate for his lack of hearing.
  • Takuan Sōhō: (1573-1645). A Zen Buddhist monk, specifically, representative of the Rinzai sect. In 1610, he was appointed as abbot of the main temple, Daitokuji. Takuan is known for his brute honesty and meticulously perceptive personality, which was sought after by monks, swordsmen, and politicians alike (such as Tokugawa Iemitsu and Go-Mizunoo). Takuan's shared correspondence with Yagyū Munenori was captured in a treatise called "The Unfettered Mind." Takuan helps capture Takezo and later renames him as Miyamoto Musashi, setting him free to travel and evolve as a person.

[edit] Minor characters

  • Hon'iden Matahachi: Hedonist and childhood friend of Musashi. Assumes Sasaki Kojiro's identity after a dying Tenki entrusts Kojiro's swordsmanship certificate to him. Upon coming into contact with the real Kojiro, begins to identify himself as Sasaki Koujiro, and poses as an interpreter to deaf Kojiro. He becomes estranged from Musashi after a tense reunion, Matahachi displaying an intense jealousy to Musashi.
  • Tsujikaze Tenma: A brigand and head of a gang of free-booters that periodically visits Okō and takes whatever worthwhile she has acquired. He killed Akemi’s father (Okō's husband), his own mother, and is later killed by Takezō after the Battle of Sekigahara.
  • Tsujikaze Kōhei: Born in 1580 in the Fuwa village and younger brother of Tsujikaze Tenma. His mom tried to kill him by pushing him off a waterfall the same way she did to Tsujikaze Tenma, however, Tenma kills her and takes Kōhei under his wing. Though Tenma showed him much kindness, Kōhei hardly displayed any affection. When the Tsujikaze Gang was formed and engaged in crimes ranging from robbery, rape, and extortion, Kōhei became its member at 12 and was considered most savage by others. At 12 Kōhei attempted to rape the wife of a villager he had slain, but Tenma, who lusted after his younger brother slew the woman out of jealousy and crushed Kōhei's testicles, rendering him (Kōhei) impotent. Kōhei failed at killing Tenma and was imprisoned as punishment, during which time he came to adopt a nihilistic outlook on life. The Tsujikaze Gang failed to make a name for themselves and honor their employer, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, in attempting to capture Tokugawa Ieyasu. At the age of 20 in the year 1600, serving 7 years of imprisonment, Kōhei was released by surviving Sekigahara soldiers and escaped to hunt his brother since. Originally desired to kill Tenma himself before Takezō got to him, Kōhei confronts Takezō only to have the battle postponed by Takezō’s captors; cuts the rope by which Takezō is suspended. Kōhei as a bandit came to be referred to as the 'God of Death' and killed Shishido Baiken, master of the kusarigama though revealed to be little more than the leader of a small band of thieves. Pretending to be Baiken, Kōhei lived with a little girl, Rindo, who also wielded the kusarigama and was actually his teacher in using it. He is challenged by Musashi and loses, yet his life is spared, though he loses some fingers on his left hand. While recuperating he recalls that Sasaki Kojiro smashed his pride by being further "along the path of death" than him. It has recently been revealed that Kojiro was the one who gave Kouhei his vicious facial scar.
  • Ukita Hideie: (1573-1655) Daimyo of Bizen and Mimasaka. One of the leading generals that fought for the Toyotomi Clan at the Battle of Sekigahara.
  • Otsū: Childhood friend of Takezō and Matahachi. Otsū was raised by Matahachi's family and arranged to marry Matahachi. Plans go awry when Matahachi runs off after the Battle of Sekigahara with Okō to Kyoto. Angry at Matahachi, Otsū refuses Granny Hon'iden's offer to join the Hon'iden family and seeks life and love elsewhere. Currently she is traveling with Takezo's "apprentice" Joutarou in order to find him.
  • Jōtarō: He appears as Musashi's first apprentice.
  • Kitabatake Tomonori: (1528-1576). Ruler of Ise, which is located in Mie Prefecture. Tomonori is also said to have been a master of the Kashima Shinto-ryū.
  • Tsukahara Bokuden: (1489-1571). Founder of the Kashima Shinto-ryū style of sword fighting. Bokuden was from the city of Kashima in modern-day Ibaraki Prefecture and is famous for his Musashugyo or sword-fighting warrior pilgrimages, which took him on travels throughout Japan.
  • Itō Ittōsai: (1560 - 1653?). Founder of the Ittō-ryū style of swordsmanship, one of the largest schools of sword fighting. Before establishing his own style, Ittōsai is said to have studied a variant of the Chujo-ryū style of sword fighting under Kanemaki Jisai’s instruction. In Vagabond, Ito was one of Sasaki's Koujirou's teachers.
  • Musō Gonnosuke Katsukichi: (dates unknown). Founder of the Shintō Musō-ryū school of martial arts which mainly utilized the wooden staff. Gonnosuke is said to have been one of the many to lose to Musashi in a duel. According to some accounts he defeated Musashi in a rematch. In the manga, Gonnosuke actually meets up with Kojirou, even going so far as to call Kojirou his first friend.
  • Honami Kōetsu: Famed artist and calligrapher who co-founded an influential arts movement called the Rinpa School. Koetsu was involved in numerous fields including tea ceremony, pottery, and calligraphy. In addition, Koetsu succeeded the line of his family's ancestral business of sword polishing and appraisals.

THE YOSHIOKA SCHOOL [of the 8 Kyoto styles] in Kyoto, Japan

Takezō duels and kills 5 swordsmen (Takashina, Chihara, Nimura, Hasuzawa, Kaji) from the Yoshioka school before encountering the senior disciples

  • Yoshioka Kempō: A distinguished swordsman during the Sengoku period (1482-1558) and founder of the renowned Yoshioka school of sword-fighting. Yoshioka Kempō mastered the Kyohachi style of swordsmanship and then modified it to form the Yoshioka style. He became a military instructor to the Shogunate family. Defeated only by Shinmen Munisai. Titled “Unrivaled Throughout The Land.” Only won one bout against Shinmen Munisai while Munisai won the next consecutive two. In the context as presented by Takehiko Inoue's Vagabond and Eiji Yoshikawa's Musashi, both Yoshioka Seijūrō and Denshichirō are Kempō's sons who are historically believed to have dueled with Miyamoto Musashi on numerous occasions.
  • Yoshioka Seijūrō: Yoshioka Kempō’s oldest son and current head of the school, considered a playboy due to spending most of his time visiting the pleasure quarters, with Akemi as his woman. Follows his instincts, both in and outside of combat, carefree and easygoing, with a seemingly haphazard approach to life. He was killed by Musashi in the duel of Rendaiji Field one year after their first meeting.
  • Yoshioka Denshichirō: Seijūrō’s younger brother, dedicated to his swordmanship. Went on a warrior’s pilgrimage after his father's death, eventually meeting Kojiro and Ito. Upset that his father never praised him. Blames the school’s dwindling reputation on Seijūrō’s cavorting. He leaves Kyoto after Yoshioka school burns down, requesting time and again a training spar with master Sekishūsai of the Yagyū dojo, but to no avail. His duel with Musashi at Rengeoin temple leads to his death.
  • Ueda Ryōhei: One of the Yoshioka's senior disciples, equally skilled with Seijūrō and Denshichirō, and a prodigy disciple of Yoshioka Kempō. Realized the rumor of becoming head of the school for a short time, before succumbing to mortal wounds inflicted by Musashi at the end of the school's group assault.
  • Gion Tōji: One of the senior disciples who appears to be Yoshioka Seijūrō’s right-hand man or at least, follows him around. Arrogant. Vowed to hunt down Musashi as a self-proclaimed assassin for the Yoshioka school. Considered to have a refined bloodthirst by Agon of Hōzōin. Visits the Hōzōin temple and cuts off the arms of one of the priests. After witnessing the battle between Musashi and Inshun, he leaves momentarily realizing his own weakness. Later shows up to challenge Yagyū Sekishūsai Muneyoshi, thinking to end his life fighting a great swordsman. From here on , his exact whereabouts are unknown. Until he reappears suddenly in Kyoto, one year since his take of leave, and attempts to take Miyamoto Musashi's life in a street fight, only to have his throat slashed open.

HŌZŌIN TEMPLE

  • Agon: A formidable opponent in the Hōzōin art of spearmanship. Defeated by Musashi.
  • Inshun: Originally named “Shinnosuke Mitsuda,” he witnessed the death of his father and mother Saya at the hands of a bandit at an early age. He was renamed to Inshun by In’ei. A child prodigy in spearmanship, Inshun withdrew within himself desiring to become stronger. By 15 he was the strongest at the temple. Realized the potential of Seijūrō at a young age when Yoshioka Kempō came to the Hōzōin temple. The second-generation master of the Hōzōin spear technique. Stops the fight between Musashi and Gion Tōji. Self-proclaimed to be stronger than In’ei. Considers Seijūrō as his equal. His first fight against Musashi causes the titular character to perform a "tactical retreat". Whereas Inshun excels in his refined spearmanship through consistent training, he lacks the experience of actual mortal combat. Other monks feel that Inshun is aloof and detached and that his remoteness fosters fear and jealousy in others... many disciples have grown discontent ever since Inshun battled Musashi. Lost to Musashi during their second duel.
  • Myōei: Suspicious of Inshun’s abilities ever since the Musashi fight. Believes he ought to rightfully be the “second generation master of the Hōzōin spear technique.”
  • Hōzōin Kakuzenbō In’ei: Revered as the Great Hōzōin In’ei. Feels he has only passed down the “mechanical aspects” of the Hōzōin spear technique to Inshun.

THE YAGYŪ CLAN

  • Yagyū Sekishūsai Muneyoshi: (1527-1606). The founder of the famed Yagyū Shinkage Ryū school of sword fighting. His son Yagyū Munenori (1571-1646) was one of Tokugawa’s key generals at the Battle of Sekigahara. Munenori was appointed as the official fencing instructor of the Tokugawa clan and in 1632 the Yagyū were appointed as the ometsuke — responsible for the surveillance of the daimyo. Although the Yagyū clan has been depicted in Kazuo Koike’s "Lone Wolf and Cub" as plotters of the downfall of Itto Ogami, the general Japanese popular culture take on the Yagyū Clan is more positive. More specifically, Yagyū Munenori’s son, Yagyū Jūbei (1607-1650), is viewed as a wandering hero protecting the people from evil-doers.
  • Kamiizumi Ise no Kami Hidetsuna: (1508-1577?). The son of Kamiizumi Ise no Kami Hidetsugu, the lord of Kamiizumi Castle in present-day Gunma Prefecture. Hidetsuna founded the Yagyū Shinkage Ryū of sword fighting and was such an accomplished swordsman and military strategist that he once was recruited by the famed Takeda Shingen. Hidetsuna, however, declined the post, stating that he preferred to travel throughout the land so that he might perfect his swordsmanship. Many notable fighters studied under Hidetsuna including the esteemed Yagyū Munenori and Hōzōin Kakuzenbō Hōin In-ei, founder of the Hozoin-ryū style of spearmanship.

[edit] Places

(as pertaining to and mentioned in the manga)

[edit] Items / Things

  • Hōzōin Spear Technique: Created by the Buddhist monk Kakuzenbo Hōzōin In’ei (寳藏院覚禅房胤栄, 1521-1607) of Hōzōin Temple, which was a sub-temple of Kōfuku-ji in Nara. This spear technique is typified by quick dexterous movements rather than the use of brute force.
  • Eiroku: Name of the Japanese era from 1558 to 1569.
  • Sottaku: A Zen term used to describe a disciple and his master in perfect sync when the time is right for the disciple to awaken to enlightenment.

[edit] Synopsis

  • MIYAMOTO ARC: Chapters 1-21 (Volumes 1-2)

Before Takezo becomes Miyamoto, we see him as a man who can draw the fear out of anybody, who lives on his wits and will quickly kill anyone who crosses him. This gets Takezo into big trouble, where he has to live in the mountains cut off from all but the hunters from his village who come to try and kill him.

Eventually, the monk Takuan and Miyamoto's childhood friend Otsu help to capture Takezo, and his capture results in him being hung from a tree for several days without food or water (with the exception of when Otsu comes to try and feed him rice balls on a bamboo pole). During this time, Tsujikaze Kohei, the younger brother of a bandit that Takezo killed, comes to claim his revenge on Takezo (but only because Kohei wanted to kill his brother first). Takuan scares him away, but we have not seen the last of Kohei.

At the end of the arc, Takuan takes Takezo out to a remote area surrounding the village and talks to Takezo, and at the end of the fifth manga we learn that Takezo has now (for the moment) shed his rage and has become a more graceful person - Miyamoto Musashi.

  • KYŌTO ARC: Chapters 22-32 (Volumes 2-4)

Miyamoto Musashi travels to Kyoto to look for strong fighters to challenge. He immediately heads to the Yoshioka school of swordfighting, where his father's name was well known. Before he gets there, he unknowingly encounters the current leader of the school, Yoshioka Seijuro, who is cavorting with the many geisha in the town. After a few words, Seijuro says "You're dead," and Musashi looks down in horror to see that Seijuro's sword was at his neck, and if Seijuro wanted to kill him, he would have never seen it coming.

Undaunted, he still heads toward the school and challenges the owner, but first he is forced to face many of those who train at the school, after being insulted by some of the lower class members. Musashi kills five members of higher and higher rank, until finally Yoshioka Denshichiro, the more serious of the two sons of Yoshioka Kempo, decides to kill Musashi himself. In a very dramatic battle, one that Seijuro intervenes in once to give Musashi the scar on his forehead, Musashi also manages to dislocate Denshichiro's shoulder, but neither of them stop each other from fighting - instead, we learn at the same time that Musashi's old friend Hon'iden Matahachi has been staying with the ladies (Okō and her daughter Akemi) that they rescued from Tsujikaze Tenma, but heads to the Yoshioka school because he hears the fighting going on. In fact, after bemoaning the 'inevitable' death of his newfound hero (for standing up to the Yoshioka, as Gion Toji had usurped him with Okō) he ends up drinking much of the sake they store in the basement, passing out drunk, and lighting the school's building on fire, forcing the duel to end... after which Denshichirō told Musashi to come back stronger within a year for a (fateful) rematch.

Musashi escapes with his life, and Matahachi realizes that Takezo/Musashi, was the one who challenged the school—he would decide to try to put his life back together, but this would also become the beginnings of an inferiority complex (and would-be rivalry) which would influence his life from here on out.

  • HŌZŌIN ARC: Chapters 33-76 (Volumes 4-8)

Takuan encourages Musashi to be more serious about training and not throw away his life so easily, but Musashi still has a lot to learn. During this time, Musashi splits up with Takuan and goes to visit the Hozoin temple for its famous spear technique. (Takuan goes to visit the Yagyu clan, where he correctly believes Otsu is currently staying.)

Gion Toji, having appointed himself as the Yoshioka school's assassin and seeking to kill Musashi, arrives at the temple first. There he cuts both hands off a monk who challenges him in battle. He proclaims that he will come back everyday and do the same to the others, until he finds Musashi, throwing the temple into turmoil and unease.

Musashi appears at the temple the next day and picks a fight with Agon, one of the higher level monks at Hozoin, who is outside the temple training his technique. Musashi seeks In'ei, the old and legendary master of the school, who he does not know has retired. Agon recognizes that this must be Musashi, and seeking both to end the turmoil that Toji has caused and defend Hozoin's name, he fights Musashi. Musashi learns much of the technique and at one point finds himself without a sword but, quick to act, he manages to dodge a thrust from Agon, and get in close enough to punch Agon in the face with his fist, breaking his nose and ending the fight. At the end of the fight we see Gion Toji watching from the shadows.

Gion Toji picks a fight with Musashi, but before they can begin, Inshun, the new master of the school and a child prodigy at the spear, comes and breaks up the fight, wanting to battle Musashi himself. Toji backs off, and Musashi has an all-out battle with Inshun. In this battle, Inshun has an experience he has not had yet - a battle where his life is on the line. Musashi becomes tired and distraught, and badly beaten, flees from Inshun. (Jotarō, a boy who'd come to accompany him, abandoned him for this.) He winds up later in the care of In'ei, the same monk and spearmaster he had journeyed to Hozoin to fight.

The elderly In'ei, it turns out, feels that while Inshun, his greatest student has brilliantly mastered the physical art of spear fighting, he has not mastered himself and his soul. He believes Inshun needs a powerful rival, one on his own level of mastery to do this, and begins training Musashi so that he can be that rival.

In the end, Musashi gets a second battle with Inshun, with only In'ei and Agon witnessing it. Inshun is wielding a true spear this time, the Hozoin Cross Spear, and not a training spear with a blunt end. Nonetheless, Musashi has learned a lot from his training, (although the most important things turn out to be what he learned about himself, and his demons), and overpowers Inshun's spirit with his own. Musashi manages to dodge Inshun's attack and knocks down Inshun with a strike to the head from his own self-carved sword; after this, he reverts to his savage self, and starts beating the ground and the fallen Inshun with his sword repeatedly. Inshun's spirit detaches itself from his body, and we learn a bit about Inshun's past, how he came to the Hozoin school.

Both Musashi and Inshun are treated for any injuries at the Hozoin Temple, after which Musashi was issued finer robes and a pair of swords, and they leave with the vow of trying not to kill each other the next time they meet.

  • YAGYŪ ARC: Chapters 77-104 (Volumes 8-11)

Musashi, with Jotarō in tow (after leaving Musashi after he retreated from Inshun but later reconciling and fully accepting Musashi as his master), proceeds to travel to the residence of Yagyū Sekishūsai, a swordsman of great renown. Meanwhile, Matahachi is making quite a living for himself by posing as Sasaki Kojirō (whose certification in Chujō-ryu swordsmanship he took from the mortally wounded Kusanagi Tenki, who'd wanted him to give it to Kojirō). Matahachi is asked for a match by Kai Shojiro, a wandering swordsman with 35 years of experience. Matahachi grants Shojiro this request, but upon deciding Shojiro is a swordsman capable of killing him in combat (as opposed to another swordsman who'd seen through Matahachi's disguise—only for Matahachi to visualize "Takezo" as his opponent, refocus and kill him), distracts him and flees. Matahachi runs into his mother and uncle Gon at a marketplace during his flight, and states that Sasaki Kojirō is a pseudonym he uses instead of his actual name, as he feels he has shamed his family by living with a prostitute and inadvertently setting the Yoshioka temple on fire. Granny Hon'iden states that they are to look for Musashi and Otsu, whom she states "ran off together", though she is completely unaware that the two have not been with each other since they ran away from the village. (This would end up fueling Matahachi's inferiority complex, since he was coerced by Okō into writing a letter of renouncement to Otsu and would drastically influence their relationships later.)

Musashi eventually makes his way into Yagyū territory. Yagyū Sekishūsai receives news that his grandson, Hyogonosuke is returning to his temple, to his delight. Yoshioka Denshichirō constantly requests a duel with Sekishūsai, but is refused an audience each time. During a chance meeting in a bathhouse Musashi meets Hyogonosuke and Jotarō, wandering off, meets Otsu. Musashi happens upon a peony cut by Sekishūsai, and requests an audience after delivering a message requesting who cut the enclosed peony, which stuns the senior disciples of the Yagyu when they discover it was Sekishusai himself who made the cut. At the hall of the Yagyu, Musashi attempts to antagonize the members into fighting him, hoping that by besting them he'll be granted audience to Sekishūsai, however his efforts prove fruitless, as the disciples have gotten used to such methods. Jotarō, however, ends up playing right into Musashi's plans, as he kills the Yagyu pet dog, as the dog had previously, unprovoked, attacked Jotarō. The group attempts to physically punish Jotarō, but Musashi claims that he must take the punishment for his disciple, and uses this as an excuse to engage in battle with the Yagyu senior disciples. Jotarō runs to find Otsu, but falls into a pit. After a long and exhaustive bout with the senior disciples, Musashi eventually loses them in a bamboo forest, and sneaks into Sekishusai's cottage after a brief, but emotional reunion with Otsu. Musashi is shocked to discover that the aged Sekishūsai is now an old, bedridden man in his sleep, but nonetheless has an impacting discussion over the nature of being the greatest swordsman (and possibly learning one of his most valuable lessons: "invincible's just a word," after Musashi internalizes his idea of "the invincible Yagyū Sekishūsai" and gives up his attempt to cut down Sekishūsai). Musashi opts to leave Jotarō in the care of the Yagyu, and travels away without him, though Otsu and Jotarō leave in hopes of finding Musashi.

  • TSUJIKAZE KŌHEI / SHISHIDO BAIKEN ARC: Chapters 105-127 (Volumes 11-13)

The arc begins with Matahachi fleeing from his uncle Gon and mother, after the former questions the legitimacy of his claim to be Sasaki Kojiro. Matahachi runs into the ronin Kai Shojiro, who has since realized Matahachi an imposter and thus harbors murderous intent. While fleeing, Matahachi finds himself on the mountain trail leading to Shishido Baiken, a figure renowned for his chain and sickle technique. Matahachi also encounters a mysterious young girl armed with a chain and sickle. As fate would have it, Musashi is also traveling to this area, all the while nursing a foot wound gained by stepping on a nail during his travels. The ronin and his companion eventually catch up to the fleeing Matahachi, but Gon arrives in time to protect him as Matahachi flees the area, however Gon is killed in the ensuing struggle with the ronin's companion. Matahachi continues to flee, with the ronin in hot pursuit. The pair eventually are seen by the mysterious girl, leaping from rocks on the river, whom the ronin mentions as having a similar weapon to Shishido Baiken, which causes the ronin to drop his pursuit of Matahachi and instead follows the young girl. The dying companion happens upon the man who claims to be Shishido Baiken and begs to be put out of his misery, however "Shishido Baiken" is revealed to be none other than Tsujikaze Kōhei, though he appears eerily more somber than the last time he was seen. Matahachi, whilst still in flight, stumbles upon the house of "Shishido Baiken" to find Shojiro and girl dueling (the ronin being apparently under the impression that the girl herself was Baiken). The 'real' Baiken returns home, and swiftly launches a weight tied about the end of the sickle chain, smashing Shojiro's skull open. Matahachi is discovered hiding by the girl and is made by Baiken to bury the ronin and the bodies of "two others" that are "further up the trail". Matahachi is heart broken to discover that his uncle Gon is among the dead. Granny Hon'ichi nearly drowns, but is discovered by Otsu and Jotaro. While passed out, Granny Hon'ichi begins muttering her vehemence to Otsu and Musashi. As he painfully reminisces about his uncle, Matahachi spies Musashi arriving from afar, and quickly runs away, praising Musashi at the appearance at "how strong he's become".

Musashi, starving, happens upon a kindly hermit's hut, where he is fed and informed that Shishido Baiken is dead. The hermit recants that Baiken was nothing more than a despicable bandit leader who often gave her trouble. She also states that while Baiken was living, the only people that sought him were ne'er-do-wells such as himself and his gang, and that respectable swordsmen only began seeking him after his death. Baiken and the girl spar with their chains and sickles, after which that and a meal, as Baiken sleeps, the girl playfully examines Baiken's face to reveal to the reader a massive facial scar (the scar had previously been obscured by Baiken's hair). Musashi eventually enters Baiken's hut, leading both Musashi and Tsujikaze to exchange shocked reactions. Musashi observes that Tsujikaze is quite different from the man whom he encountered four years ago, stating that Tsujikaze's "twisted grin" is gone. Baiken unemotionally obliges to "demonstrate" the chain and sickle technique to Musashi. As Musashi leaves he is attacked by the girl, now identified as Rindo. Baiken assures Rindo that Musashi is an old acquaintance, and that she should not meddle in their affairs. Rindo, nonplussed, climbs a tree to observe the two's combat, commenting that Musashi is different from the other swordsmen that have appeared in the past.

During the start of the match, Baiken states that while he does not wish to kill Musashi he can only use his chain and sickle with the intent to kill, which Musashi says he has no qualms with. Musashi is initially intimidated by Baiken's technique, after he receives a bloody nose from being clipped by the chained weight, as well as a battered left index finger. Musashi praises Baiken's technique and asks who is Baiken's master, which Baiken responds with the statement that Rindo is his master. While the two combatants anticipate the other's next move, the origin of the current incarnation of Baiken is shown. After his spat with Musashi four years ago, Tsujikaze fell into a deep depression, during which time he began "looking for a place to die". Tsujikaze encountered Baiken and his gang, whom he quickly slew. Tsujikaze's scar appears noticeably more fresh, and, judging by the fact that it opens up in mid-combat, it can be assumed he received it shortly before his episode with Baiken. Rindo initially attacks Tsujikaze, however she relents and passes out after seeing the grisly nature of his scar. After an initial struggle, Tsujikaze and Rindo, who even begins dressing in a manner similar to Tsujikaze, become fast friends. Snapping back to the current battle between "Baiken" and Musashi, there is a brief struggle, which results in Musashi's being strangled by Baiken's chain. As he chokes Musashi, Baiken states that Musashi's life is ultimately meaningless in the grand scheme of things. Musashi eventually frees himself. Rindo attempts to interlope, however Musashi quickly threatens her from doing so, during which Baiken attempts an under-handed tactic of attacking a distracted Musashi.

"Baiken" then begins to display a twisted grin, displaying that he has reverted to his former, blood-thirsty "Tsujikaze" persona, with Musashi's instincts finally kicking in. Tsujikaze's revision saddens Rindo. Musashi draws his short sword and begins remembering his father's training in jutte. Tsujikaze admits that while he initially wanted to kill Musashi because of Musashi's killing of Tsujikaze's brother Tenma before he could, he now desires to kill Musashi because he (Musashi) is very similar to himself, "inviting bloodshed" wherever he goes as he says. Musashi opines on how he is above the petty rage Tsujikaze has, and quickly dispatches him, severing all of Tsujikaze's fingers on his left hand, save his thumb, and leaving a deep wound into his chest through his shoulder. Tsujikaze begins reflecting on his life with Rindo and how similar she and him are, and pleads with Musashi to help treat his wound, saying he wishes to escape the "cycle of death". Musashi seems reluctant at first, but eventually relents and aides him. While recuperating, Tsujikaze remarks that his pride was destroyed by someone who was "further along the path of death" than he, a man called Sasaki Kojiro. It is heavily implied Kojiro is the one who gave Tsujikaze his scar. Ultimately, it is never directly stated as to why Tsujikaze began referring to himself as Shishido Baiken, whether it have been the amount of bloodshed his name invited, somewhat of a paternal relationship he felt with Rindo, or if simply wished to start a new life with Rindo.

During the epilogue of the arc, Tsujikaze's past is further delved into revealing that he came to adopt his macabre outlook on life due to his mother's abandoning of him, and his rough life in his brother Tenma's gang. It is shown that Tenma crushed Tsujikaze's testicles after the latter attempted to rape a peasant woman, leaving Tsujikaze impotent for the rest of his life. Tsujikaze is then imprisoned after attempting to kill his brother Tenma, during which time he begins to sink into a pit of depression and nihilistic thinking. After seven years the Tsujikaze gang has dissipated and Tsujikaze is freed by passing soldiers during the battle of Sekigahara. Tsujikaze tracks down a former member of his brother's gang, and finds out Musashi, then Takezo, has killed his brother, and Tsujikaze sets out to find his brother's killer and slay him (leading to their encounters in the first arc).

  • SASAKI KOJIRŌ ARC: Chapters 128-179 (Volumes 14-20)

The story arc, as the title suggests, follows not Musashi but the upbringing of his arch-rival, Sasaki Kojiro.

The arc begins in the year 1583 CE, with a letter from Sasaki Sukeyasu to his former teacher, Kanemaki Jisai, who has retired and living as a hermit in a small coastal village. Sukeyasu requests that Jisai please take care of his only son Sasaki Kojiro. Soon afterwards, Jisai spots the baby on a boat, in the middle of a storm offshore. He rescues Kojiro and raises him, not knowing that his adoptive son is in fact, deaf.

Kojiro grows into a healthy young boy, but is distanced from the villagers because of his deafness and his association with Jisai, who's seen as a crazy old man (and fraud, since he advertised himself as a teacher of Chujo-ryu swordsmanship). This changes when Kojiro befriends Kusanagi Tenki, the local bully. Tenki longs to be a great swordsman, hoping to achieve the title of "Invincible Under the Sun." Together they plot to take down Fudo, a powerful swordsman who terrorizes the village by abducting girls just as they hit puberty. The assault doesn't go well, Tenki being scarred for life and Kojiro realizing his bloodlust in battle. However, he would cut off Fudo's right hand (after Fudo found Kojiro wielding a nodachi and named it Drying Pole—later the name of Kojiro's signature weapon), and Jisai saves the village and the boy's lives when he takes Fudo down with one stroke.

Time passes and ages Kojiro into a powerful teenaged boy, longing to be taught by Jisai, who refuses, haunted by how Kojiro whimsically massacred Fudo's body after he was already dead. But when Ito Ittosai, an old pupil of Jisai, and a renowned swordsman strolls into town, he interrupts the balance between Jisai and Kojiro. Ito sees that Kojiro is indeed a powerful swordsman, a "real tiger" like Ito and Jisai. He instigates a duel between wandering swordsmen including Ueda Ryohei and Denshichiro of the Yoshioka, who want to learn from Ittosai. Kojiro discovers them and he and Denshichiro duel. Denshichiro discovers that though Kojiro is deaf, he speaks volumes through battle. Though the duel ends abiguously, with both suffering serous injuries, Denshichiro longs to meet Kojiro again.

Soon afterwards, Kojiro leaves the village and travels with Ittosai to test his skill against the world abroad, Jisai having finally accepted his adoptive son's future as a swordsman and entrusting Kojiro into Ittosai's care. Jisai soon sends Tenki after Kojiro along with money and a certificate of swordsmanship, which Matahachi would ultimately acquire (after Tenki was mortally wounded). The regular wandering swordsmen are no match for Kojiro. The two stumble upon Muso Gonnosuke, who proclaims himself "#1 Martial Artist Under the Sun," contrasting with Kojiro's banner, "#1 Swordsman Under the Sun." But Gonnosuke is not prepared for "the stage" as Ittosai calls it, Kojiro quickly defeating him. Still, he takes his defeat in stride and travels with them as they discover the battlefield of Sekigahara, which has just ended. Ittosai picks a fight with the remaining Tokugawa soldiers and in a bloody battle, a young Takezo also enters the fray, hoping to kill a general. (Notably, this is the in-universe chronological first encounter between Kojiro and the future Musashi, still a "wild beast from the mountain".) When the battle is over, Ittosai and Gonnosuke are separated from Kojiro. Ittosai tells Gonnosuke that Kojiro must "become him" by surviving the nightmare of the days to come, where scavengers of the war prey on the survivors. He states that once Kojiro has killed about one hundred men he will have acquired his survival instinct. If Kojiro can survive this, Ittosai says, then the next time they meet will be as opponents.

For days, Kojiro is attacked by villagers, hoping to collect his head for bounty. He slaughters everyone in his wake. But he soon encounters a formidable troop of four surviving soldiers. In a long duel with Koun the strongest of the four, Kojiro is victorious, but despite his victory he displays a solemn, almost mournful expression.

  • YOSHIOKA ARC: Chapters 180-242 (Volumes 21-27)

The arc shifts back again on Miyamoto Musashi as he returns to Kyoto in 1604 (the 9th year of the Keichō era) after a year's time to fulfill his promise for a rematch with the Yoshioka brothers. The introductory pages show Musashi defeating and killing Yoshioka Denshichirō in duel amidst a snowy day. Immediately afterwards, we backtrack 10 days leading up to the duel. Musashi is unexpectedly met with a public bulletin of a challenge from Yoshioka Denshichirō; he boldly accepts it. He meets Yoshioka Seijurō only to be warned of proceeding further. As Musashi practices and is about to rest in Rendaiji Field, out from the darkness emerges Yoshioka Seijurō, who attempted to kill him from behind with a thrown dagger. In the resultant duel, Realizing that Musashi has grown in character and sharpened his swordsmanship immensely, while Musashi ended up with a cut in the same spot on his forehead from before (Musashi bemoaning this unfortunate 'coincidence') and the other on his left eyelid and a stab wound to the shoulder. Although both are taken as signs of that improvement (Seijurō having been aiming for the eyes and heart respectively), Musashi was understandably far less pleased, and in the end he cut down Seijurō on New Year's Day, first returning the eyelid cut (possibly blinding him with a tsuba to Seijurō's left eye) and then splitting him from the left shoulder to the right side of his torso.

After the death of Seijuro, the Yoshioka clan is devastated. It is revealed that Seijurō attacked Musashi in secret without informing anyone else, as he felt that Denshichirō could not win the upcoming duel against Musashi; Ueda is the only one to discover this, and so the clan sees the killing of Seijuro as unforgivable on Musashi's part. Musashi encounters Hon'ami Koetsu, a renowned sword sharpener, who offers Musashi a room to stay in while the Kempo clan begin seeking him out. The Denshichirō emotionally distraught begins to be defeated in practice sessions with his subordinates, which begins to deeply trouble them, most of all Ueda, although Denshichirō has evidently mandated that they not fight him lightly. While traveling out in the open Musashi has a tense encounter with the heads of the Kempo, but Denshichirō adamantly forbids any foul-play against Musashi. Gion Toji suddenly reappears after his long absence, and looks noticeably worse for the wear (he seems to symbolize Musashi had he remained so angry). Toji has been away from the Yoshioka dojo during his search for Musashi (first having been completely demoralized by the sight of Inshun's fighting prowess, then suicidally attempting to attack Sekishusai only to be disarmed), and in outrage at Denshichirō's not killing Musashi, Toji attacks Musashi blindly only to be swiftly cut down with a single slash to the neck.

Ueda, now seriously worried over the possibility of his master's death, hatches a scheme to solicit Sasaki Kojiro to fight Denshichirō's battle instead. Matahachi, who has now begun to refer to himself as Sasaki Koujiro (accent on the second syllable) after being apprehended by Yoshioka swordsmen, encounters the real Sasaki Kojiro as he travels through a field. The Kempo swordsmen attempt to invite Kojiro back to their dojo, but the encounter turns bloody after one member (one of the Ten Swords of the Yoshioka), entranced by Kojiro's skill, attacks him. Kojiro kills another swordsman, but before he can kill the last one, is stopped by Matahachi who sympathizes with weaker men (declaring that killing the defeated is cruel). Matahachi then takes Kojiro to the Yoshioka dojo, posing as his interpreter. The men are outraged that a man that has killed one of their own be invited as an honored guest, but Ueda quickly stifles the furor. Matahachi flees, after he discovers the plot to have Kojiro fight Musashi instead. When Ueda pleads to Denshichirō to give his consent to the plan, Denshichirō excommunicates Ueda from the clan.

Kojirō wanders away from the Yoshioka dojo out of boredom (he has no idea what he was brought to the dojo for) and returns back to the place he was staying, which, as fate would have it, is the exact same place Musashi is staying at. Musashi spies Kojiro attempting to cut through Musashi's snowman's head with a stick, but is frustrated that he cannot. The two engage in a rather playful stick fight with thin tree branches in which Musashi arguably "wins", however, the fight takes a serious tone when Kojirō then eagerly draws his sword in the hopes of a real fight. The fight is cut short by Hon'ami's mother, who calls the two men in for dinner, Musashi staring as Kojirō eagerly rides piggyback on her into the house. Musashi and Kojirō develop a bizarre camaraderie, in which Musashi seems to revere Kojiro more than any other swordsman he has met to date. Musashi then leaves the next day to duel with Denshichirō, and sees that Kojirō is now able to completely cut through his snowman's head.

Before the duel with Denshichirō begins, Ueda draws a matchlock pistol on Musashi, who chastises Ueda for resorting to such tricks to protect his master and dispatches his weapon. Ueda then states the attack was just a ploy; he had no knowledge on how to operate a firearm and, what's more, the pistol was probably in a non-operable state. Ueda relents, but states to Musashi that if Musashi kills Denshichirō then the Yoshioka clan will become solely fixated on killing Musashi. Musashi, uninterestedly, passes through the massive crowd (after being mistaken for yet another spectator) and battles Denshichirō regardless, with Otsu, Jotaro, Takuan, and Granny Hon'iden all watching. The duel with Denshichirō seems one-sided throughout, as Musashi even sees no need to draw his blade for the majority of the fight, opting instead to fight the battle in his mind. (This ends when Musashi 'previews' the disarming stroke shown at the beginning of the arc, charging and making a single strike—only for both to realize that Musashi had accidentally left his sword in the scabbard, and that his hand had cut through thin air.) Musashi eventually does draw his blade, apologizing for the faux pas, and cleaves through Denshichirō's arm with one stroke. Denshichirō, now solely intent on killing Musashi with no regard for his own safety, grasps Musashi and attempts to kill him, but Musashi unceremoniously guts him with a swift stroke of Denshichirō's wakazashi. Denshichirō then solemnly states that he is glad to have had Musashi as his final opponent, and perishes. Ueda Ryohei is then given notice that his exile from the clan was to last only until Denshichirō's death... upon which he would become heir. Ryohei, now the head of the Yoshioka clan and hell-bent on vengeance, plans to ambush Musashi with all 70 Yoshioka members when Musashi attempts to leave Kyoto.

Musashi and Matahachi run into each other and have a tearful reunion. Unfortunately, the meet turns ugly when Matahachi's jealousy over Musashi's skill (and the now-years long inferiority complex) crops up, causing a drunken Matahachi to accuse Musashi of running off with Otsu. Musashi, utterly appalled at the notion, punches Matahachi in the face and renounces his friendship. Musashi begins to meditate within a massive pine tree at Ichijōji. As he reflects on his isolation from the world, he overhears Ueda and the rest of the heads of the Yoshioka plot to have all 70 Yoshioka members ambush him. Musashi, nonplussed, elaborates that he will certainly die from such an attack, and opts to attack the small number of the heads of the Yoshioka beneath the tree. Musashi, losing his composure, antagonizes Ueda into fighting him. Ueda then makes light of the fact that Musashi would become so angry at his own imminent death but feel nothing for killing Denshichirō and his brother. Ueda takes advantage of this emotional distraction and manages to successfully cut Musashi. The battle is cut short by an interloping Takuan, who houses Musashi for the night. During his stay, Musashi states he will flee before the fight the next day against the Yoshioka, and that he is unaffected by the reaction a "cowardly" retreat would have with other people. Musashi thanks Takuan, who notices that Musashi's generosity is the sign of the greatest of swordsmen, and flees.

Mid-flight, however, Musashi begins to have second thoughts, and returns for reasons unknown even to him (berating himself for being "an idiot" as he runs back down the mountain). Musashi spies the Yoshioka amassing under the same great pine as where Musashi had his confrontation with Ueda Ryōhei. Musashi takes his early arrival to his advantage and descends upon the Yoshioka swiftly and silently, successfully carving a swath through their ranks to Ueda. Musashi draws his sword swiftly and cuts off a rather sizable portion of Ueda's face, temporarily incapacitating him. Musashi then proceeds to do battle with the entirety of the Yoshioka clan. Despite many deceitful attempts, the Yoshioka are mercilessly slaughtered by Musashi one by one, leading up to a sneak attack by wounded Ueda Ryohei that manages to cut open Musashi's left shin severely before he succumbs soon afterward, followed by the Yoshioka swordsman who'd distracted Musashi's attention. Musashi, critically wounded and exhausted, begins lurching his way out of Kyoto, where he runs into Akemi, the girl with whom he lived briefly. Akemi states that Musashi was foolish for abandoning his life with her, attempts to stab him, says she is Seijurō's woman (despite her earlier tears at hearing of Musashi's return before the fatal duels), than proceeds to leap into a nearby river before a stunned Musashi.

  • After the Yoshioka War / Kojirō Revisited: Chapters 243-present [265] (Volumes 28-present)

The arc begins an unspecified time after the first Kojirō arc, with Kojirō in the den of a kindly prostitute and her pet frog; Gonnosuke and Ittosai are noticeably absent. The prostitute is unusually philanthropic; she refuses money if her clientèle are nice to her. The prostitute goes outside after making love to Kojirō to see Tsujikaze Kōhei (scar absent). Tsujikaze and the prostitute had previously been together. Tsujikaze, after his imprisonment, downward spiral into severe depression and nihilism, and subsequent release, returns. He pierces the prostitute's right eye with his sword and stomps on her pet frog, killing it. Kojiro, upon seeing this, retrieves his sword and steps outside to confront Tsujikaze. Tsujikaze, not taking Kojirō seriously, states that Kojirō is merely wasting time until his death. Tsujikaze attempts to attack him, but Kojirō dodges, shoves Kōhei back than slices through his face, delivering the scar we saw in the Baiken arc. It's highly suggested that the technique Kojiro used was the famous Swallow Cut (tsubame gaeshi).

After Musashi's great fight he is taken care by Takuan and finally encounters Jotarō, Matahachi (who'd renounced his past resentment and found him) and Otsu. While he is recuperating from his injuries, Matahachi (seeing Otsu rush over to Musashi) resigns himself to Otsu loving Musashi over himself, and then he separately tells both of them to have a relationship. When he awakens, it is revealed that Musashi can not walk because of the severe wound in his left leg (caused by Ueda Ryōhei's final slash) and according to "one of the two best physicians in Kyōto," his fighting days are over... after which soldiers comes to arrest Musashi for killing the 70 warriors of the Yoshioka.

When next seen, he is imprisoned at Nijō Castle, although according to the shoshidai of Kyōto in a conversation with Koetsu it's more of protective custody, as due to his national fame from defeating the Yoshioka he is now the target of possible revenge, challenges from fighters seeking fame (whereas he was once in their position), and invitations to serve as a samurai; as such Musashi will not face beheading or seppuku. However, the possible end of his fighting career causes distress for him, Jotarō and Otsu (for him it is the possible end of his raison d'etre, while Jotarō accuses Otsu of "hating the sword" and desiring to be Musashi's new focus), but Takuan counsels Musashi about what he could do in the future... for possible, being with Otsu, then suggesting that he find an employer in Edo. (As a sign of Musashi's narrow focus on "the sword" above all else, he's initially unaware of Edo's existence.)

[edit] Differences with the novel

While the differences in the manga compared to the novel are too numerous to list in full, here is a small selection of more important differences.

  • In the manga, Sasaki Kojirō is deaf, mute, and childlike in nature, as well as first being raised by Kanemaki Jisai, then Ito Ittosai and most recently with Hon'ami Koetsu and his mother, the latter who has chased women out from below his blanket multiple times. In the novel, Sasaki Kojirō is neither deaf nor mute. Though he still retains some traces of the childlike nature portrayed in the manga, he is very intelligent and cunning. Moreover, he is also much more violent, arrogant, and slanderous.
  • The character Tzujikaze Kōhei does not exist in the novel. Furthermore, Musashi is freed from the tree by Otsū after being shunned by Takuan who shows no mercy to Takezō.
  • In the manga, Seijurō is portrayed as a playboy and an alcoholic while his brother, Denshichirō, is depicted as a dedicated swordsman who is committed to the Way of the Sword. Seijurō is still portrayed as a playboy in the novel, but he is less of a swordsman than his brother. Denshichirō was described as the more skilled swordsman one but enjoyed his liquor far more than his brother.
  • In the manga, both Seijurō and Denshichirō were killed by Musashi. In the novel, only Denshichirō was killed. Seijurō fought Musashi but survived.
  • In the manga, the Yoshioka conflict ends when Musashi kills all seventy swordsmen of the Yoshioka. In the novel, the Yoshioka school is far less numerous and the conflict ends after Musashi slays the last heir of the Yoshioka, Genjirō (in similar circumstances as the fight at Ichijōji except that instead of failing to take out Ueda right away, he is able to kill the clan head). Musashi’s action haunts him for the remainder of the novel.
  • Gion Tōji neither dies in the novel nor is the bloodthirsty warrior portrayed in the manga. Rather, he is similar to Matahachi, full of envy and cowardice. He escapes with Oko and makes a living with her as a criminal. They encounter Musashi on his path more than once in the novel and swear vengeance upon him.
  • In the manga, when Takezō is taken away from Miyamoto village, Takuan renames him Miyamoto Musashi after teaching him simple values of life, but as a result of this Musashi has only a slightly more refined outlook on life (as revealed in his first encounters with the Yoshioka and then the Hōzōin temple). In the novel, Takuan captures Takezō and takes to the regional Daimyō for punishment. Takuan, a great friend of the Daimyo, is granted his request to pass judgment: Takezō is locked in solitary confinement for three years. His room is filled with books chosen by Takuan, which consist of Greek philosophy, war tactics, art, and history. After reading these books many times, Takezō emerges three years later, much calmer and gentler than before. Takuan then renames Shinmen Takezō to Miyamoto Musashi.
  • In the manga, Seijurō does not rape Akemi. Though Akemi initially longed for Musashi, she eventually called herself "Yoshioka Seijurō’s woman" and jumped off a cliff. In the novel, Seijurō rapes Akemi after he discovers that she still has feelings for Musashi. Akemi then attempts to commit suicide by drowning herself in the ocean but is rescued by Uncle Gon, who drowns in the process.
  • In the novel, In'ei is a senile old man and Musashi did not have a bout with Inshun. Furthermore, Musashi did not meet with Sekishusai.

[edit] Reception

Vagabond won the Grand Prize for manga at the 2000 Japan Media Arts Festival. The following is an excerpt from the speech congratulating Takehiko Inoue: "From Toyotomi to Tokugawa. Musashi Miyamoto grew up amidst the turn of two great eras. Mr. Inoue has taken the powerful Musashi who was sometimes called a 'beast' and drawn him as a vagabond. The artist brags about boldly challenging the national literary work of Eiji Yoshikawa, even so, the sense of speed that he creates is impressive. I send my applause to the artist for creating a new image of Musashi."[1] The same year, Vagabond won the 24th Kodansha Manga Award in the general category.[2] Vagabond also received the highly-acclaimed Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize in 2002, and Inoue was nominated for the 2003 Eisner Award in the Best Writer/Artist category.

[edit] References

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